1 - Application
the application of Chapter V - i.e all ships on all voyages
unless expressly provided otherwise.
which ships may be exempted from certain Regulations by Administrations.
expressly provided otherwise, this chapter shall apply to
all ships on all voyages, except:
naval auxiliaries and other ships owned or operated
by a Contracting Government and used only on government
non-commercial service; and
solely navigating the Great Lakes of North America and
their connecting and tributary waters as far east as
the lower exit of the St.Lambert Lock at Montreal in
the Province of Quebec, Canada.
warships, naval auxiliaries or other ships owned or operated
by a Contracting Government and used only on government non-commercial
service are encouraged to act in a manner consistent, so far
as reasonable and practicable, with this chapter.
Administration may decide to what extent this chapter shall
apply to ships operating solely in waters landward of the
baselines which are established in accordance with international
rigidly connected composite unit of a pushing vessel and associated
pushed vessel, when designed as a dedicated and integrated
tug and barge combination, shall be regarded as a single ship
for the purpose of this chapter.
Administration shall determine to what extent the provisions
of regulations 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27 and 28 do not apply to the following categories of
below 150 gross tonnage engaged on any voyage;
below 500 gross tonnage not engaged on international
| states that the Regulations
contained in SOLAS V apply to all vessels on all
voyages unless expressly provided otherwise.
1 provides for specific exceptions including naval auxiliaries
and other government owned/operated ships on non-commercial
services. The UK interpretation is that only RN ships and
naval auxiliaries are exempted. Foreign-flagged vessels
on government service may be exempted in UK waters. Also
exempted are vessels operating in the Great Lakes of North
naval vessels, auxiliaries and government service vessels
are exempt, the Regulation encourages them to comply as closely
as possible with the provisions of SOLAS V. It is UK policy,
spelt out in a letter of understanding between the MOD and
MCA, that UK naval auxiliary ships comply as closely as possible
with the requirements of SOLAS. All other UK-flagged ships
on Government service are required to comply fully with SOLAS.
of UK ships referred to in the SI are defined in ANNEX
1 - Categories of waters and classes of ships.
2 gives Administrations discretionary powers to apply provisions
in the chapter to ships operating solely within internal waters.
The baselines referred to are those established by coastal
States under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law
of the Sea. (UNCLOS). In the UK Chapter V generally applies
in these waters unless the waters are Categorised or are considered
to be inland waters.
Internal Waters include waters categorised by the Merchant
Shipping (Categorisation of Waters) Regulations 1992 (SI
1992/2356) which are listed in MSN
1837 - Categorisation of Waters. Such waters are not
regarded as "sea" for the purposes of Merchant
Shipping legislation (except for Marine Pollution regulations).
domestic passenger vessels are regulated by the Merchant
Shipping (Passenger Ships on Domestic Voyages) Regulations
2000 (SI 2000/2687) which implement the EC Directive on
Safety Rules and Standards for Domestic Passenger Ships,
with existing passenger ships being phased in between 2006
The sea areas to which this legislation applies are defined
in MSN 1747 -
Merchant Shipping (Passenger Ships on Domestic Voyages)
Regulations 2000. The requirements for navigational
safety for inland waterway vessels (i.e vessels operating
on waterways not connected with the sea,) will be met by
implementation of EC Directive 82/714/EC (as amended) which
lays down technical requirements for inland waterway vessels.
3 establishes that integrated pushing vessels and their pushed
vessel are considered to be a single vessel.
4 empowers Administrations to determine the extent to which
certain Regulations (which relate to specific navigational
equipment, layout, pilot access etc.) apply to fishing vessels
and to classes of smaller vessel (i.e those less than 150
GT on international voyages and those under 500 GT not engaged
on international voyages.) By inference, these classes of
vessel must comply with those regulations NOT listed in paragraph
4. Of these, Regulations 29 (Life
saving Signals), 31 (Danger
Messages), 32 (Information
required in danger messages), 33
(Distress messages), 34 (Safe
navigation and avoidance of dangerous situations), 34.1 (Master's
discretion and 35 (Misuse
of distress signals) apply to all vessels. Compliance
with Regulations 10 (Ship’s routeing),
11 (Ship reporting) and 12
(Vessel Traffic Services) may be required depending on
the size and category of vessel..
Speed craft built on or after 1 January 1996 which fully
comply with the requirements of the amended 1994 High Speed
Craft Code (SOLAS Chapter 13,) must comply with with the
requirements of Chapter V except for Regulations 18, 19
and 20. High-speed craft constructed on or after 1 July
2002 which fully comply with the requirements of the High-Speed
Craft Code, 2000 in its entirety and which have been surveyed
and certified as provided in that Code shall be deemed to
have complied with the requirements of chapters I to IV
and regulations V/18, 19 and 20. (See
Annex 19 - High Speed Craft)
respect to UK vessels falling within the categories in paragraph
4, the Guidance Notes following each of the Regulations 15
to 28 explain how that Regulation is to be applied to these
categories of ship. The requirements are summarised in ANNEX
2 - Table of requirements for ships.
types of ship have requirements given in the MCA Codes
of Practice, listed below. However, if a vessel does
not comply fully with the requirements of a relevant MCA
Code of Practice, then it must comply fully with the relevant
Regulations of SOLAS V as specified in the Merchant Shipping
(Safety of Navigation) Regulations, 2002.
following Codes of Practice specify the requirements for
navigational equipment and safety for various classes of
Fishing Vessel and should be referred to:
for navigational equipment and safety for commercial
sailing and motor vessels over 24m length are given
1792(M), The Large Commercial Yacht Code (LY2)
the provisions of IMO Circular Letter No. 1996 of 25 July
1997 these requirements are equivalent to SOLAS for this
class of vessel.
Codes of Practice which include requirements for navigational
equipment and safety are available in PDF format from the
MCA Fishing and Code Vessel Safety Branch. They are:
of practice for the construction, machinery, equipment,
stability, operation and examination of sailing vessel,
of up to 24 metres load line length, in commercial use and
which do not carry cargo or more than 12 passengers (The
of practice for the construction, machinery, equipment,
stability, operation and examination of motor vessels, of
up to 24 metres load line length, in commercial use and
which do not carry cargo or more than 12 passengers. (The
of practice for the safety of small workboats & pilot boats.
(The "Brown" Code).
of Practice for the Safety of Small Vessels in Commercial
Use for Sport or Pleasure Operating from a Nominated Departure
point (NDP). (The "Red" Code).
Inland Waterways small Passenger Boat Code. (Interactive
and printable versions available on the MCA Website.)
of practice for vessel engaged in oil recovery operations.
( The Stationery Office 2002.)
MCA is currently consolidating these Codes into a single
Code "The Small Commercial Vessel and Pilot Boat (SCV)
Code. The Code is available for use as an alternative standard
and is contained in MGN
280(M) Small Vessels in Commercial Use for Sport or Pleasure,
Workboats and Pilot Boats – Alternative Construction Standards.
This should be read in conjunction with the Codes referred
implementation of the SCV Code will follow the coming into
force of the Statutory Instrument.
ships on domestic voyages, that is ships of Classes III
to IVa and Classes A,B,C and D are required to comply with
also MSN 1811 - Merchant
Shipping (Passenger Ships on Domestic Voyages,) Regulations,
2000 for guidance on the implementation of Council Directive
98/18/EC – Phase-in of Existing UK Class III, VI and VI(A)
See also - ANNEX 1
- Categories of waters and classes of ships and
2 - Table of requirements for ships