28 - Records of navigational activities and daily reporting
Key navigational activities to be logged.
complete record of the voyage must be able to be restored.
reports to be sent to the company.
All ships engaged on international voyages shall keep on board
a record of navigational activities and incidents which are of
importance to safety of navigation and which must contain sufficient
detail to restore a complete record of the voyage, taking into
account the recommendations adopted by the Organization*. When
such information is not maintained in the ship's log-book, it
shall be maintained in another form approved by the Administration.
Each ship of 500 gross tonnage and above, engaged on international
voyages exceeding 48 hours, shall submit a daily report to its
company, as defined in regulation IX/1, which shall retain it
and all subsequent daily reports for the duration of the voyage.
Daily reports may be transmitted by any means, provided that they
are transmitted to the company as soon as practicable after determination
of the position named in the report. Automated reporting systems
may be used, provided that they include a recording function of
their transmission and that those functions and interfaces with
position-fixing equipment are subjected to regular verification
by the ship's master. The report shall contain the following:
ship's course and speed; and
details of any external or internal conditions that are affecting
the ship's voyage or the normal safe operation of the ship.
Refer to A.916(22) IMO Guidelines for the recording of events
relating to navigation - Contained
in Annex 22 - Recording of Navigational Events
28.1 applies to all ships on international
voyages except for UK-flagged pleasure vessels of less than
28.2, requiring daily reporting for ships of 500 GT and
above on international voyages exceeding 48 hours, came
into force on 1 July 2006
[IMO Resolution MSC.142(77)]
IMO Guidelines for Recording Navigational Events are contained
in ANNEX 22. All bridge
orders requiring changes in direction or speed of the main
propulsion unit must be recorded. In addition other key navigational
events should be recorded including changes of course, passing
of way points, weather and sea conditions, incidents and events
including pilot embarkation / disembarkation, tugs, hazardous
occurrences and accidents.
electronic or mechanical records are acceptable including
those from echo sounders, course recorders, engine telegraphs
and NAVTEX receivers.
must be possible to reconstruct the ship's track throughout
the voyage. The IMO Guidelines state that navigational records
(whether paper, electronic or mechanical) should be retained
on board for a period not less than 12 months. The MCA's interpretation
of this requirement is that records retained for 12 months
should provide sufficient detail to reconstruct any voyage
during that period. The MCA recognises that it is impractical
to retain voyage details on paper charts for longer than the
duration of the voyage. Therefore sufficient details of waypoints,
courses, times of alteration of course and or speed and other
relevant details must be entered in the log book and courses
and positions on all navigational charts should be retained
until the voyage is completed. This information should be
saved electronically when ECDIS is used to fulfil the requirements
of Regulation 19 (para. 2.1.4)
requirement for daily reports to be sent to the Company
by ships of 500 GT and over on international voyages exceeding
48 hours can be met by any method of reporting. Automated
reporting of position, course and speed must include a record
of their transmission. The Master must regularly verify
such transmissions against the position fixing equipment
with which they are interfaced.
"external or internal conditions" which must be
reported as required by para 2.3 will include abnormal weather
or sea conditions and any structural or mechanical defects
affecting the voyage or safe operation of the ship.
guidance is contained in the notes following the IMO Guidelines
in Annex 22.