Annex 12 - Navigaiton Equipment - Existing Ships

SECTION A - TABLE OF REQUIREMENTS FOR EXISTING SHIPS

SECTION B - MCA NOTES ON EQUIPMENT FOR EXISTING SHIPS

SECTION C - Text of REGULATIONS 11, 12 AND 20 OF SOLAS V/74

SECTION A - EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPS BUILT BEFORE 1 JULY 2002
Existing ships may continue to meet requirements of SOLAS V/74

Except - GNSS to be fitted at first survey after 1 July 2002 and
AIS to be fitted according to timetable in Reg.19.2.4

Equipment to meet IMO Performance Standards.

See: ANNEX 8 Notes on PERFORMANCE STANDARDS and TYPE APPROVAL and
 
     ANNEX 9 - Table of IMO PERFORMANCE STANDARDS and TESTING STANDARDS

V/74 REG PARA NO.
EQUIPMENT ITEM
All Ships
All passenger ships
Less than 150 GT
150 GT and over
300 GT and over
500 GT and over
1600 GT and over
3000 GT and over
10000 GT and over
100000 GT and over

Reg 11

Daylight signalling lamp

.
.
.

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

Reg 12 (b)

Standard magnetic compass

.
.
.

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

12 (c)

Steering compass and means of taking bearings

.
.

X

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

12 (d)

Gyro compass

.
.
.
.
.

X

X

X

X

X

12 (d)

Gyro repeater(s)

.
.
.
.
.
.

X

X

X

X

12 (f)

Phone to emergency steering

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

12 (f)

Compass reading to emergency steering

.
.
.
.
.

X1

X1

X1

X1

X1

12 (g)

Radar 9 GHz

.

I

.
.

I

X

X

X

X

X

12 (h)

Second radar

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

X

X

12 (i)

Radar plotting facilities

.

I

.
.

I

I

X

X2

X2

X2

12 (j)

ARPA

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

X

X

12 (k)

Echo sounder

.
.
.
.
.

I

I

I

I

I

12 (l)

Speed and distance measuring device

.
.
.
.
.

I

I

I

X3

X3

12 (m)

Rudder, propeller, pitch indicators

.
.
.
.
.

X

X

X

X

X

12 (n)

Rate of turn indicator

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

X

12 (p)

RDF (may be exempted if position finding system fitted)

.
.
.
.
.
.

X4

X4

X4

X4

Reg 20

Adequate up to date charts and nautical publications

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

.

GNSS or terrestrial position finding system (SOLAS V/19.1.2.2)

X5

X5

X5

X5

X5

X5

X5

X5

X5

X5

.

AIS (before 1 July 2008 (SOLAS V/19.2.4.2)

.

I6

.
.

I6

I6

I6

I6

I6

I6

.

AIS from 1 July 2008 (SOLAS V/19.2.4.3)

.

X

.

I

X

X

X

X

X

X

. VDR (SOLAS V/20.1 & 20.3) .
I6
. . . . . . . .
.

S-VDR (SOLAS V/20.2)

.

I6

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

X : on all voyages
I : on international voyages
1 : ships constructed on/after 1 Feb 92
2 : at least as effective as a reflection plotter
3 : speed and distance through water
4 : until first survey after 1 July 2002
5 : By first survey after 1 July 2002
6 : phased implementation (SOLAS V/19.2.4 & SOLAS V/20)

SECTION B

EQUIPMENT CARRIAGE REQUIREMENTS EXISTING VESSELS

Regulation V/19 allows existing ships (constructed before 1 July 2002) to comply with the carriage requirements of SOLAS V/74 as follows:

19.1.2) Ships constructed before 1 July 2002 shall:

19.1.2.1) subject to the provisions of paragraphs 1.2.2 and 1.2.3, unless they comply fully with this regulation, continue to be fitted with equipment which fulfils the requirements prescribed in regulations V/11, V/12 and V/20 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 in force prior to 1 July 2002;

19.1.2.2) be fitted with the equipment or systems required in paragraph 2.1.6* not later than the first survey after 1 July 2002 at which time the radio direction-finding apparatus referred to in V/12 (p) of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 in force prior to 1 July 2002 shall no longer be required; and

19.1.2.3) be fitted with the system required in paragraph 2.4** not later than the dates specified in paragraphs 2.4.2 and 2.4.3.

* 19.2.1.6 = GNSS

** 19.2.4 = AIS

NOTES:

Existing ships can continue to comply with the requirements of SOLAS V/74 for Signalling Lamps (Reg.11) Navigational Equipment (Reg.12) and carriage of nautical publications (Reg.20) if they do not comply FULLY with the new requirements of SOLAS V Reg.19. See the full text of these three Regulations below.

They are, though required to fit:

1.) a GNSS receiver or a terrestrial radionavigation receiver no later than the first survey after 1 July 2002. When this equipment is fitted there need to be fitted with RDF apparatus, and

2.) an AIS Receiver, by the dates specified in Reg. 19.2.4 (See also ANNEX 17)

3.) a VDR or S-VDR, on the classes of vessel and by the dates specified in Reg. 20 (See also ANNEX 10)

 

SECTION C

TEXT OF SOLAS V/74 REGULATIONS 11, 12 and 20

 

REGULATION 11
Signalling Lamp*

All ships of over 150 gross tonnage, when engaged on international voyages, shall have on board an efficient daylight signalling lamp which shall not be solely dependent upon the ship's main source of electrical power.

* Refer to resolution MSC.95(72), Performance Standards for daylight signalling lamps.

REGULATION 12
Shipborne navigational equipment**

a.) For the purpose of this regulation constructed in respect of a ship means a stage of construction where:

i.) the keel is laid; or

ii.) construction identifiable with a specific ship begins; or

iii.) assembly of that ship has commenced comprising at least 50 tonnes or 1% of the estimated mass of all structural material whichever is less.

** See resolution A.156(ES.IV), Recommendation on the carriage of electronic position-fixing equipment, and resolution A.815(19), World-wide radionavigation system.

b.)

i.) Ships of 150 gross tonnage and upwards shall be fitted with:

1.) a standard magnetic compass, except as provided in subparagraph (iv);

2.) a steering magnetic compass, unless heading information provided by the standard compass required under (1) is made available and is clearly readable by the helmsman at the main steering position;

3.) adequate means of communication between the standard compass position and the normal navigation control position to the satisfaction of the Administration; and

4.) means for taking bearings as nearly as practicable over an arc of the horizon of 360.

ii.) Each magnetic compass referred to in subparagraph (i) shall be properly adjusted and its table or curve of residual deviations shall be available at all times.

iii.) A spare magnetic compass, interchangeable with the standard compass, shall be carried, unless the steering compass mentioned in subparagraph (i)(2) or a gyro-compass is fitted.

iv.) The Administration, if it considers it unreasonable or unnecessary to require a standard magnetic compass, may exempt individual ships or classes of ships from these requirements if the nature of the voyage, the ship's proximity to land or the type of ship does not warrant a standard compass, provided that a suitable steering compass is in all cases carried.

c.) Ships of less than 150 gross tonnage shall, as far as the Administration considers it reasonable and practicable, be fitted with a steering compass and have means for taking bearings.

d.) Ships of 500 gross tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 1 September 1984 shall be fitted with a gyro-compass complying with the following requirements:

i.) the master gyro-compass or a gyro repeater shall be clearly readable by the helmsman at the main steering position;

ii.) on ships of 1,600 gross tonnage and upwards a gyro repeater or gyro repeaters shall be provided and shall be suitably placed for taking bearings as nearly as practicable over an arc of the horizon of 360.

e.) Ships of 1,600 gross tonnage and upwards, constructed before 1 September 1984, when engaged on international voyages, shall be fitted with a gyro-compass complying with the requirements of paragraph (d).

f.) Ships with emergency steering positions shall at least be provided with a telephone or other means of communication for relaying heading information to such positions. In addition, ships of 500 gross tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 1 February 1992 shall be provided with arrangements for supplying visual compass readings to the emergency steering position.

g.) Ships of 500 gross tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 1 September 1984 and ships of 1,600 gross tonnage and upwards constructed before 1 September 1984 shall be fitted with a radar installation. From 1 February 1995, the radar installation shall be capable of operating in the 9 GHz frequency band. In addition, after 1 February 1995, passenger ships irrespective of size and cargo ships of 300 gross tonnage and upwards when engaged on international voyages shall be fitted with a radar installation capable of operating in the 9 GHz frequency band. Passenger ships of less than 500 gross tonnage and cargo ships of 300 gross tonnage and upwards but less than 500 gross tonnage may be exempted from compliance with the requirements of paragraph (r) at the discretion of the Administration, provided that the equipment is fully compatible with the radar transponder for search and rescue.

h.) Ships of 10,000 gross tonnage and upwards shall be fitted with two radar installations, each capable of being operated independently*** of the other. From 1 February 1995, at least one of the radar installations shall be capable of operating in the 9 GHz frequency band.

*** Refer to section 4 of the Recommendation on perfomance standards for radar equipment adopted by the Organization by resolution A.477(XII) and resolution MSC.64(67), Recommendations on new and amended performance standards (annex 4).

i.) Facilities for plotting radar readings shall be provided on the navigation bridge of ships required by paragraph (g) or (h) to be fitted with a radar installation. In ships of 1,600 gross tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 1 September 1984 the plotting facilities shall be at least as effective as a reflection plotter.

j.)

i.) An automatic radar plotting aid shall be fitted on;

1.) ships of 10,000 gross tonnage and upwards, constructed on or after 1 September 1984;

2.) tankers constructed before 1 September 1984 as follows:

aa.) if of 40,000 gross tonnage and upwards by 1 January 1985;

bb.) if of 10,000 gross tonnage and upwards but less than 40,000 gross tonnage, by 1 January 1986;

3.) ships constructed before 1 September 1984, that are not tankers, as follows:

aa.) if of 40,000 gross tonnage and upwards by 1 September 1986;

bb.) if of 20,000 gross tonnage and upwards, but less than 40,000 gross tonnage, by 1 September 1987;

cc.) if of 15,000 gross tonnage and upwards, but less than 20,000 gross tonnage, by 1 September 1988.

ii.) Automatic radar plotting aids fitted prior to 1 September 1984 which do not fully conform to the performance standards adopted by the Organization# may, at the discretion of the Administration, be retained until 1 January 1991

# Refer to the Performance standards for automatic radar plotting aids adopted by the Organization by resolution A.823(19).

iii.) The Administration may exempt ships from the requirements of this paragraph, in cases where it considers it unreasonable or unnecessary for such equipment to be carried, or when the ships will be taken permanently out of service within two years of the appropriate implementation date.

k.) When engaged on international voyages ships of 1,600 gross tonnage and upwards constructed before 25 May 1980 and ships of 500 gross tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 25 May 1980 shall be fitted with an echo-sounding device.

l.) When engaged on international voyages ships of 500 gross tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 1 September 1984 shall be fitted with a device to indicate speed and distance. Ships required by paragraph (j) to be fitted with an automatic radar plotting aid shall be fitted with a device to indicate speed and distance through the water.

m.) Ships of 1,600 gross tonnage and upwards constructed before 1 September 1984 and all ships of 500 gross tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 1 September 1984 shall be fitted with indicators showing the rudder angle, the rate of revolution of each propeller and in addition, if fitted with variable pitch propellers or lateral thrust propellers, the pitch and operational mode of such propellers. All these indicators shall be readable from the conning position.

n.) Ships of 100,000 gross tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 1 September 1984 shall be fitted with a rate-of-turn indicator.

o.) Except as provided in regulations I/7(b)(ii), I/8 and I/9, while all reasonable steps shall be taken to maintain the apparatus referred to in paragraphs (d) to (n) in efficient working order, malfunctions of the equipment shall not be considered as making a ship unseaworthy or as a reason for delaying the ship in ports where repair facilities are not readily available. ##

## Refer to the Recommendation on the use and testing of shipborne navigational equipment adopted by the Organization by resolution A.157(ES.IV).

p.) When engaged on international voyages, ships of 1,600 gross tonnage and upwards shall be fitted with a radio direction-finding apparatus. The Administration may exempt a ship from this requirement if it considers it unreasonable or unnecessary for such apparatus to be carried or if the ship is provided with other radionavigation equipment suitable for use throughout its intended voyages.

q.) Until 1 February 1999, ships of 1,600 gross tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 25 May 1980 and before 1 February 1995, when engaged on international voyages, shall be fitted with radio equipment for homing on the radiotelephone distress frequency.

r.) All equipment fitted in compliance with this regulation shall be of a type approved by the Administration. Equipment installed on board ships on or after 1 September 1984 shall conform to appropriate performance standards not inferior to those adopted by the Organization*. Equipment fitted prior to the adoption of related performance standards may be exempted from full compliance with those standards at the discretion of the Administration, having due regard to the recommended criteria which the Organization might adopt in connection with the standards concerned.

s.) A rigidly connected composite unit of a pushing vessel and associated pushed vessel, when designed as a dedicated and integrated tug and barge combination, shall be regarded as a single ship for the purpose of this regulation.

t.) If the application of the requirements of this regulation necessitates structural alterations to a ship constructed before 1 September 1984, the Administration may allow extension of the time limit for fitting the required equipment not later than 1 September 1989, taking into account the first scheduled dry-docking of such a ship required by the present regulations.

u.) Except as provided elsewhere in this regulation, the Administration may grant to individual ships exemptions of a partial or conditional nature, when any such ship is engaged on a voyage where the maximum distance of the ship from the shore, the length and nature of the voyage, the absence of general navigation hazards, and other conditions affecting safety are such as to render the full application of this regulation unreasonable or unnecessary. When deciding whether or not to grant exemptions to an individual ship, the Administration shall have regard to the effect that an exemption may have upon the safety of all other ships.

* Refer to the following recommendations adopted by the Organization by the resolutions indicated:
  • Recommendation on general requirements for shipborne radio equipment forming part of the GMDSS and for electronic navigational aids (resolution A.694(17));
  • Recommendation on performance standards for magnetic compasses (resolution A.382(X));
  • Recommendation on performance standards for gyro-compasses (resolution A.424(XI));
  • Recommendation on performance standards for radar equipment (resolutions A.477(XII) as amended by resolution MSC.64(67), annex 4, A.222(VII) and A.278(VIII));
  • Performance standards for automatic radar plotting aids (resolution A.823(19));
  • Recommendation on performance standards for echo-sounding equipment (resolution A.224(VII) as amended by resolution MSC.74(69), annex 2);
  • Recommendation on performance standards for devices to indicate speed and distance (resolution A.824(19) as amended (resolution MSC.96(72));
  • Performance standards for rate-of-turn indicators (resolution A.526(13));
  • Recommendation on unification of performance standards for navigational equipment (resolution A.575(14));
  • Performance standards for radio direction-finding systems (resolution A.665(16));
  • Recommendation on performance standards for shipborne receivers for use with differential OMEGA (resolution A.479(XII));
  • General requirements for electromagnetic compatibility for all electrical and electronic ship's equipment (resolution A.813(19)).
  • Recommendation on performance standards for shipborne Loran-C and Chayka receivers (resolution A.818(19)). , Recommendation on performance standards for shipborne global positioning system receiver equipment (resolution A.819(19));
  • Recommendation on performance standards for shipborne GLONASS receiver equipment (resolution MSC.53(66)); , Recommendation on performance standards for shipborne DGPS and DGLONASS maritime radio beacon receiver equipment (resolution MSC.64(67), annex 2);
  • Recommendation on performance standards for combined GPS/GLONASS receiver equipment (resolution MSC.74(69), annex 1);
  • Recommendation on performance standards for daylight signalling lamps (resolution MSC.95(72)).
  • Recommendation on methods of measuring noise levels at listening posts (resolution A.343(IX)).

Regarding unification of ARPA signals, see MSC/Circ.563 and IEC Publication 872.

Regulation 20
Nautical publications

All ships shall carry adequate and up-to-date charts,# sailing directions, lists of lights, notices to mariners, tide tables and all other nautical publications necessary for the intended voyage.

#  Refer to the Recommendation on performance standards for electronic chart display and information systems (ECDIS) (resolution A.817(19), as amended) and resolution MSC.86(70).

 


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