Ships' routeing systems contribute to safety of life at sea,
safety and efficiency of navigation and/or protection of the
marine environment. Ships' routeing systems are recommended
for use by, and may be made mandatory for, all ships, certain
categories of ships or ships carrying certain cargoes, when
adopted and implemented in accordance with the guidelines
and criteria developed by the Organization.*
Organization is recognized as the only international body
for developing guidelines, criteria and regulations on an
international level for ships' routeing systems. Contracting
Governments shall refer proposals for the adoption of ships'
routeing systems to the Organization. The Organization will
disseminate to Contracting Governments all relevant information
with regard to any adopted ships' routeing systems.
initiation of action for establishing a ships' routeing system
is the responsibility of the Government or Governments concerned.
In developing such systems for adoption by the Organization,
the guidelines and criteria developed by the Organization
* shall be taken into account.
Ships' routeing systems should be submitted to the Organization
for adoption. However, a Government or Governments implementing
ships' routeing systems not intended to be submitted to the
Organization for adoption or which have not been adopted by
the Organization are encouraged to take into account, wherever
possible, the guidelines and criteria developed by the Organization.*
two or more Governments have a common interest in a particular
area, they should formulate joint proposals for the delineation
and use of a routeing system therein on the basis of an agreement
between them. Upon receipt of such proposal and before proceeding
with consideration of it for adoption, the Organization shall
ensure that details of the proposal are disseminated to the
Governments which have a common interest in the area, including
countries in the vicinity of the proposed ships' routeing
Contracting Governments shall adhere to the measures adopted
by the Organization concerning ships' routeing. They shall
promulgate all information necessary for the safe and effective
use of adopted ships' routeing systems. A Government or Governments
concerned may monitor traffic in those systems. Contracting
Governments shall do everything in their power to secure the
appropriate use of ships' routeing systems adopted by the
A ship shall use a mandatory ships' routeing system adopted
by the Organization as required for its category or cargo
carried and in accordance with the relevant provisions in
force unless there are compelling reasons not to use a particular
ships' routeing system. Any such reason shall be recorded
in the ships' log.
Mandatory ships' routeing systems shall be reviewed by the
Contracting Government or Governments concerned in accordance
with the guidelines and criteria developed by the Organization.*
All adopted ships' routeing systems and actions taken to enforce
compliance with those systems shall be consistent with international
law, including the relevant provisions of the 1982 United
Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.
Nothing in this regulation nor its associated guidelines and
criteria shall prejudice the rights and duties of Governments
under international law or the legal regimes of straits used
for international navigation and archipelagic sea lanes.
* Refer to the General Provisions
on Ships' Routeing adopted by the Organization by resolution
A.572(14), as amended.