Regulation 18 - Approval, surveys and performance standards of navigational systems and equipment and voyage data recorder

Summary

  • Equipment required by Regulations 19 and 20 fitted on or after 1 July 2002 must conform with the relevant IMO Performance Standards
  • Administration to ensure that equipment meet the relevant standards and that quality procedures ensure final product verification.
  • Equipment fitted on ships built before 1 July 2002, when replaced, must comply as closely as possible with the IMO Standards.
  • Equipment additional to the carriage requirements must be approved and comply as closely as possible with the IMO Standards.
  • The AIS and the VDRs and their sensors each require an annual performance test.
Regulation 18
1. Systems and equipment required to meet the requirements of regulations 19 and 20 shall be of a type approved by the Administration.
2. Systems and equipment, including associated back-up arrangements, where applicable, installed on or after 1 July 2002 to perform the functional requirements of regulations 19 and 20 shall conform to appropriate performance standards not inferior to those adopted by the Organization.*
3. When systems and equipment are replaced or added to on ships constructed before 1 July 2002, such systems and equipment shall, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, comply with the requirements of paragraph 2.
4. Systems and equipment installed prior to the adoption of performance standards by the Organization may subsequently be exempted from full compliance with such standards at the discretion of the Administration, having due regard to the recommended criteria adopted by the Organization. However, for an electronic chart display and information system (ECDIS) to be accepted as satisfying the chart carriage requirement of regulation 19.2.1.4, that system shall conform to the relevant performance standards not inferior to those adopted by the Organization in effect on the date of installation, or, for systems installed before 1 January 1999, not inferior to the performance standards adopted by the Organization on 23 November 1995 **.
5. The Administration shall require that the manufacturers have a quality control system audited by a competent authority to ensure continuous compliance with the type approval conditions. Alternatively, the Administration may use final product verification procedures where the compliance with the type approval certificate is verified by a competent authority before the product is installed on board ships.
6. Before giving approval to systems or equipment embodying new features not covered by this chapter, the Administration shall ensure that such features support functions at least as effective as those required by this chapter.
7. When equipment, for which performance standards have been developed by the Organization, is carried on ships in addition to those items of equipment required by regulations 19 and 20, such equipment shall be subject to approval and shall as far as practicable comply with performance standards not inferior to those adopted by the Organization.
8. The voyage data recorder system, including all sensors, shall be subjected to an annual performance test. The test shall be conducted by an approved testing or servicing facility to verify the accuracy, duration and recoverability of the recorded data. In addition, tests and inspections shall be conducted to determine the serviceability of all protective enclosures and devices fitted to aid location. A copy of the certificate of compliance issued by the testing facility, stating the date of compliance and the applicable performance standards, shall be retained on board the ship.
9. The automatic identification system (AIS) shall be subjected to an annual test. The test shall be conducted by an approved surveyor or an approved testing or servicing facility. The test shall verify the correct programming of the ship static information, correct data exchange with connected sensors as well as verifying the radio performance by radio frequency measurement and on-air test using, e.g., a Vessel Traffic Service (VTS). A copy of the test report shall be retained on board the ship.

* Refer to the following recommendations adopted by the Organization by the resolutions indicated:

Recommendations on general requirements for shipborne radio equipment forming part of the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) and for Electronic Navigational Aids (resolution A.694(17));

Recommendation on Performance Standards for gyro-compasses (resolution A.424(XI));

Recommendation on Performance Standards for radar equipment (resolution MSC.64(67), annex 4);

Performance Standards for automatic radar plotting aids (resolution A.823(19));

Recommendation on Performance Standards for Electronic Chart Display and Information Systems (ECDIS) (resolution A.817(19)), as amended by resolutions MSC.64(67), annex 5 and MSC.86(70),annex 4, as appropriate;

Recommendation on accuracy standards for navigation (resolution A.529(13));

Recommendation on Performance Standards for shipborne Loran-C and Chayka receivers
(resolution A.818(19));

Recommendation on Performance Standards for shipborne global positioning system receiver equipment (resolution A.819(19)) as amended by resolution MSC.112(73);

Recommendation on Performance Standards for shipborne GLONASS receiver equipment
(resolution MSC.53(66)) as amended by resolution MSC.113(73);

Recommendation on Performance Standards for shipborne DGPS and DGLONASS maritime radio beacon receiver equipment (resolution MSC.64(67), annex 2) as amended by resolution MSC.114(73);

Recommendation on Performance Standards for combined GPS/GLONASS receiver equipment (resolution MSC.74(69), annex 1) as amended by resolution MSC.115(73);

Recommendation on Performance Standards for heading control systems (resolution MSC.64(67), annex 3);

Recommendation on Performance Standards for track control systems (resolution MSC.74(69), annex 2);

Recommendation on Performance Standards for a universal shipborne automatic identification system (AIS) (resolution MSC.74(69), annex 3);

Recommendation on Performance Standards for echo-sounding equipment (resolution A.224(VII), as amended by resolution MSC.74(69), annex 4);

Recommendation on Performance Standards for devices to indicate speed and distance (resolution A.824(19)), as amended by resolution MSC.96(72);

Performance Standards for rate-of-turn indicators (resolution A.526(13));

Recommendation on unification of Performance Standards for navigational equipment
(resolution A.575(14));

Recommendation on methods of measuring noise levels at listening posts (resolution A.343(IX));

Recommendation on Performance Standards for radar reflectors (resolution A.384(X));

Recommendation on Performance Standards for magnetic compasses (resolution A.382(X));

Recommendation on Performance Standards for daylight signalling lamps (resolution MSC.95(72));

Recommendation on Performance Standards for sound reception systems (resolution MSC.86(70), annex 1);

Recommendation on Performance Standards for marine transmitting magnetic heading devices (TMHDs)(resolution MSC.86(70), annex 2);

Recommendation on Performance Standards for voyage data recorders (VDRs) (resolution A.861(20));

Recommendations on Performance Standards for marine transmitting heading devices (THDs) (resolution MSC.116(73)).

** Recommendation on Performance Standards for Electronic Chart Display and Information Systems (ECDIS) (resolution A.817(19)).

MCA Guidance
1. Regulation 18 addresses those responsible for bridge equipment supply and installation. Masters must ensure that where equipment is installed or replaced the requirements of Reg.18 are met. They must also ensure that the VDR testing requirements in 18.8 are fulfilled.
2. Paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 require navigational and VDR equipment fitted on new ships and replacement equipment on existing ships to be Type Approved and meet IMO performance standards (which are listed in the footnote to the regulation.) This Regulation does not apply to UK-flagged ships of less than 150 gt.
3. Paragraph 4 relates to equipment fitted before performance standards were developed. Such equipment may be exempted by the Administration from full compliance with the standards. There are special provisions for ECDIS.
4. Paragraph 4 stipulates that for ECDIS to satisfy the chart carrying requirements of Regulation 19 it must at least meet the Performance standards in force on the date of installation, or, if fitted before 1 January 1999, the standards adopted by IMO on 23 November 1995.
5. Details of the procedures for obtaining type approval for marine equipment in the UK are provided in MSN 1734 Type Approval of Marine Equipment (EC Notified Bodies) as amended by MSN 1734 (amendment 2)
6. Details of the procedures for obtaining type approval for marine equipment where no internationally agreed testing standards exist are provided in MSN 1735 - Type Approval of Marine Equipment (UK Nominated Bodies), as amended by MSN 1735 (amendment 2)
7.

Paragraph 7 requires equipment required under Regulations 19 or 20, carried in addition to the requirements, to be approved by the Administration and as far as practicable meet the IMO Performance Standards or equivalent. This applies to cases where:

7.1 An additional item of specific equipment which the ship is required to carry is fitted (e.g. an additional radar) or
7.2 An item of equipment is fitted which is not required under the Regulations for a ship of its size (e.g. if a ship of under 10,000 gt has a heading control system fitted).

The MCA may approve such equipment where it does not meet any appropriate IMO Performance Standard. Any proposal to fit equipment which is not type-approved, or does not comply with IMO Performance Standards, should be submitted to the MCA for an exemption to be considered. (See also Regulation 3, Exemptions and Equivalents.)

8. Paragraph 8 requires VDRs to be tested annually and a certificate issued. The reason for this is to ensure that the data is recorded and can be replayed reliably and accurately. VDR equipment installed on ships prior to the development of performance standards which fulfils the carriage requirement of Regulation 20 must also undergo an annual test. The MCA requirements are set out in ANNEX 20 - Inspection and Survey of Navigational Equipment.
9.

New or amended IMO Performance standards which have been adopted since 2002 are as follows:

Simplified Voyage Data Recorder (S-VDRs) (Resolution MSC.163(78) amended by MSC.214(81)

Radar Reflectors (revised performance standards) (Resolution MSC.164(78))

Transmitting Heading Devices (THDs) - application of performance standards for THDs to marine transmitting magnetic heading devices (TMHDs) (Resolution MSC.166(78) which supersedes Annex 2 to MSC.86(70))

Presentation of navigation-related information on shipborne navigational displays -(Resolution MSC.191(79))

Radar equipment - adoption of the revised performance standards - (Resolution MSC.192(79))

ECDIS - Revised performance standards - (Resolution MSC.232(82))

For further information on equipment standards and testing go to:

ANNEX 8 - Performance Standards and Type Approval

ANNEX 9 - IMO Performance Standards for Navigational Equipment

10. For further information on VDRs and S-VDRs together with the IMO Guidelines go to ANNEX 10 - Voyage Data Recorders

 


© Crown Copyright.